Upgrading & Reforging


Upgrading & Reforging are the simplest methods to improve your character's power. Upgrading adds more Primary Attributes to your gear. This increases the most important attributes in the game; Combat Rating! Reforging allows you to obtain additional Special Attributes on your gear. These attributes are based around Bonus Families. Whether through summoning a fire-breathing Hydra to attack or gaining a defensive shield, these bonuses enhance your character's power and utility.


Salvaging is key to obtaining materials for Upgrading gear. It unlocks during the introduction of the main storyline in Wortham. Go to any Blacksmith, select Salvage, then pick gear to break down for materials. You can also select the checkboxes at the bottom of the UI to quickly Salvage all Common, Magic and Rare items. Legendary and Set items are manually selected to avoid accidental Salvaging.

The game warns you when you are about to Salvage an item that can be better than an item you are currently wearing. You can select cancel, which unselects those item(s), or select okay if you are sure and want the materials. This warning can be deceptive, watch out! It may appear when a gear piece is not actually better than the one it replaces, or sometimes not appear when it should. The issue is how the game figures out an item's worth by adding up hidden values assigned to each Attribute on a piece of gear. Check out our Equipment Guide for more details. A simple rule of thumb would be to total the number of Primary Attributes from one gear piece and compare it to another for the best item.

Item Salvage Breakdown
Common Item1x Scrap Material
Magic Item3x Scrap Material
Rare Item1x Enchanted Dust
Legendary Item1x Glowing Shard
Set Item1x Glowing Shard

Depending on the Item Salvaged, a certain amount of specific materials are received. You receive back ALL materials and Gold used to Upgrade an item when Salvaging it if it had Upgrade ranks.


Upgrading your character's gear is a massive power boost. By gaining additional Upgrade Attributes, your Combat Rating increase. These ratings are the core of your character's power and the primary way to push into harder Difficulties and higher Challenge Rifts. You become much more formidable in PvP content as your gear gains more ranks as well.

Upgrading is unlocked after completing the main storyline in Ashwold Cemetery, then talk to the Blacksmith in Westmarch. Upgrading can be performed on Rare, Legendary, and Set items only. If you do not have a Rare item, go to Yakin, Rarities & Antiquities Vendor in Westmarch. You can Gamble using Gold for a chance at Rare or Legendary items.

Upgrading Primary Gear Mechanics

  • Rare Primary items can only be Upgraded to Rank 5 while Legendary items can be Upgraded to Rank 20!
  • Have auto pick-up of Common, Magic, and Rare items checked on in your settings to build up a stockpile of Scrap Material while being bottlenecked by Enchanted Dust.
  • At Rank 11+, pick up Magic and Rare items only, due to Scrap Material becoming the new bottleneck. Since Magic items have a 3x conversion rate to Scrap Material, you avoid frequent trips back to town during heavy grinding sessions, yielding more materials per Salvage run!
  • You can trade Scrap Material for Enchanted Dust at a 10 to 1 ratio at Yverius, Blacksmithing Materials Vendor by the Blacksmith in Westmarch. Use this sparingly, if at all, due to the high requirement of Scrap Material. It's debatable if this is more a trap than a helping hand.
  • Can be Reforged at Rank 6, 11 and 16.

Upgrading Secondary Gear Mechanics

  • Rare Secondary items can only be Upgraded to Rank 5 while Set items can be Upgraded to Rank 10!
  • Rare & Set Secondary Gear require Enigmatic Crystal, which are rewarded the first time completing each Challenge Rift floor. You also receive them at the end of the month if you rank in the top 10 teams on the 2, 3, and 4-player Challenge Rift Leaderboards.
  • Can not be Reforged.

Primary Gear

Demon Hunter
HelmStrength &
Intelligence & Vitality
ChestWillpower & FortitudeWillpower & Fortitude
ShoulderWillpower & FortitudeWillpower & Fortitude
PantsWillpower & FortitudeWillpower & Fortitude
Main HandStrength &
Intelligence & Vitality
Off-HandStrength &
Intelligence & Vitality

Secondary Gear

Gear SlotBarbarian
Demon Hunter
NeckStrength &
Intelligence & Vitality
RingStrength &
Intelligence & Vitality
RingStrength &
Intelligence & Vitality
GlovesWillpower & FortitudeWillpower & Fortitude
BeltWillpower & FortitudeWillpower & Fortitude
BootsWillpower & FortitudeWillpower & Fortitude

Upgrade Attributes are pre-determined per gear item. Some attributes are the same per class as seen in the tables above, while others change based on the classes' Primary Attributes. Focus gear with your classes' Primary Attribute when possible first, then the rest. This min/max gets the most out of the Upgrade process!

Upgrade Order Process

  1. Start Upgrading your gear early and often! The Upgrade Attributes can be transferred while swapping to a new gear item. This is free and effortless.
  2. Upgrade Primary & Secondary Gear to Rank 5. Early Upgrading is more dependent on having materials and Rare items (or better) to complete this step.
  3. Get all Primary Gear up to Rank 6. Upgrade each piece to Rank 6, which unlocks the first of three Bonus Attributes!
  4. Upgrade all Primary Gear to Rank 9. Continue Upgrading each piece to the same rank before moving to the next.
  5. Focus each gear piece to Rank 11. One at a time, get each piece to Rank 10 then Rank 11 in one shot. This is the most efficient way to use materials and unlocks the second Bonus Attribute.
  6. Keep grinding materials! Repeat the previous two steps to hit Rank 14 with each piece, then focus individually to Rank 16 to unlock the third Bonus Attribute and Family Bonus!
  7. Enter the moonlight phase of your grinding. For Ranks 17 and above, Upgrade each piece to the same level before moving to the next rank.

* Since Secondary Gear requires Enigmatic Crystal that are hard to get, upgrade these pieces evenly (as mentioned in step 3) when you get enough. The Scrap Materials cost is low enough that it should not be a problem as long as you don't over do it.

Primary Gear - Upgrade Attribute Amount & Material Costs

Upgrading gives a certain amount of Primary Attributes as listed in the table. While the amount seems too little to have impact, in practice, it allows for huge leaps in completing content and reaching higher Challenge Rifts.

Rank RangeUpgrade Attribute Amount
1 - 10+2 Upgrade Attribute Per Rank
11 - 15+3 Upgrade Attribute Per Rank
16 - 20+4 Upgrade Attribute Per Rank

With this knowledge of Upgrading, here is the material cost breakdown per gear item, per rank. Early ranks come quickly, but midway and further can take days to get a single level!


Additional Bonus Attributes can be added through Reforging at the highlighted Ranks of 6, 11 and 16. Adding Bonus Attributes can only be done on Primary Gear.

Secondary Gear - Upgrade Attribute Amount & Material Costs

Upgrading gives a certain amount of Primary Attributes as listed in the table. While the amount seems too little to have impact, in practice, it allows for huge leaps in completing content and reaching higher Challenge Rifts.

Rank RangeUpgrade Attribute Amount
1 - 4+2 Upgrade Attribute Per Rank
5 - 7+3 Upgrade Attribute Per Rank
8 - 9+4 Upgrade Attribute Per Rank
10+5 Upgrade Attribute

With this knowledge, here is the material cost breakdown per gear item, per rank. Early ranks come quickly and further ranks take longer. In order to Rank these up faster, you have to compete for the top 10 Multiplayer leaderboard positions in Challenge Rifts!

RankScrapEnigmatic CrystalsGold

Total Material Tables

The following tables show the total materials required to Upgrade all Primary Gear to each Reforge Rank and Max Rank along with Secondary Gear at Rank 5 and Rank 10.

Primary Gear Grand Totals


Secondary Gear Grand Total

RankScrapEnigmatic CrystalsGold

Upgrading is the best path to character improvement! Don't neglect this crucial part of gear itemization. Plan your day accordingly to be the best you can be.


Reforge Stone

Reforging gear is the end-game of itemization. It unlocks once a piece of Primary Gear reaches Rank 6 through Upgrading at the Blacksmith. Secondary Gear can NOT be Reforged. A Reforge Stone is required in order to Reforge gear. A limited amount can be purchased from the Hilst Merchant daily, along with being rewarded at the end of a Battleground season per your Rank. When using a Reforge Stone, a random Bonus Attribute from a Family Bonus (more on this in the next section) is applied. You can use a Reforge Stone multiple times to obtain a desirable Bonus Attribute and/or Family Bonus. Each time you are given the option to keep the current Bonus Attribute or take the new one. After Rank 6, two more Bonus Attributes can be added at Rank 11 and Rank 16. Bonus Attributes come from a pool of the following Bonus Families:

Barrier Stone Family Bonus

  • Damage to undead increased (4.5% - 6.0%).
  • Maximum Life increased (0.8% - 1.0%).
  • Damage taken from nearby enemies decreased by (1.5% - 2.0%).
  • Block Chance increased by (1.5% - 2.0%).
  • Fear resistance increased (4.5% - 6.0%).

Jolt Stone Family Bonus

  • Damage taken from players reduced (2.2% - 3.0%).
  • Damage taken while suffering loss of control decreased by (3.0% - 4.0%).
  • Cheat Death chance increased by (3.0% - 4.0%).
  • Duration of beneficial effects increased (3.0% - 4.0%).
  • Slow immunity chance increased by (4.5% - 6.0%).

Ravager Stone Family Bonus

  • Healing potion cooldown reduced (1.5% - 2.0%).
  • Life Regeneration increased by (0.8% - 1.0%).
  • Damage to elite enemies increased (4.5% - 6.0%).
  • Damage done by your summons increased (3.0% - 4.0%).
  • Damage taken by your summons decreased (3.0% - 4.0%).

Tremor Stone Family Bonus

  • Primary Attacks reduces enemy healing by (2.2% - 3.0%).
  • Primary Attacks reduce enemy Attack and Movement Speeds by (0.8% - 1.0%).
  • Continual damage taken reduced by (4.5% - 6.0%).
  • Stun resistance increased (4.5% - 6.0%).
  • Knock away resistance increased (4.5% - 6.0%).

Vengeance Stone Family Bonus

  • Attack Speed increased by (1.5% - 2.0%).
  • Damage to players increased (4.5% - 6.0%).
  • Damage to demons increased (4.5% - 6.0%).
  • Damage to enemies suffering loss of control increased (3.8% - 5.0%).
  • Damage to shielded enemies increased (4.5% - 6.0%).

Wildfire Stone Family Bonus

  • Primary Attack damage increased (3.0%- 4.0%).
  • All Skill Damage increased (1.5% - 2.0%).
  • Damage done to enemies below 30% Life increased (3.0% - 4.0%).
  • Critical Hit Chance increased (2.3% - 3.0%).
  • Heal party members for (1.5% - 2.0%) on death.

These are simple lists organized for clarity. For detailed information, look at our Attributes Explained guide.

Family Reforge Stones

Family Reforge Stones are similar to a Reforge Stone in that they have the same Bonus Attribute pool. They cost 100 Eternal Orbs. Eternal Orbs are a paid currency, not obtainable in-game.

The difference with Family Reforge Stones is the Family Type assigned with the Bonus Attribute. Family Reforge Stones ALWAYS assign their Family Type to the rolled attribute. When you have three Bonus Attributes of the same Family on a single piece of Primary Gear, it gains the associated Family Bonus (Bonus Family Attribute).

You can have up to six active Family Bonuses. Stack the same one six times, or mix and match. Although stacking the same Family Bonus will increase its chance of proccing.

Wildfire Family

You have a 2% chance when you kill an enemy to summon a fireball spitting Hydra.

Tremor Family

Your Primary Attacks have a 2% chance to inflict X damage and Stun to nearby enemies for 1.5 seconds. *

Jolt Family

You have a 2% chance when attacked to immobilize your attacker.

Vengeance Family

Your Primary Attacks have a 2% chance to increase all damage you deal by 100% for 1 second.

Barrier Family

You have a 2% chance when attacked to gain an absorption shield for 6 seconds.

Ravager Family

You have a 2% chance when you kill an enemy to make the corpse explode, damaging all nearby enemies.

* The damage and stun inflicted occurs at your character's location, NOT the damage location. This renders the Tremor Family Bonus near useless for ranged classes.

Family Bonuses push your build to the next level! Since Family Reforge Stones can only be obtained through real money (not in-game) it is heavily advised to figure out the finishing touches of your character's build first before purchasing. This avoids over spending and allows you to be efficient with resources.

Rank Transfer

Using Rank Transfer allows for manual moving of Upgrade and Bonus Attributes from one piece of gear to another. While the game prompts you automatically when swapping gear pieces, this is more of a back-up measure in case you forget to transfer those ranks. Keep in mind, you can't transfer ranks from multiple lower ranked gear to get a higher cumulative rank or going past Rank 20. There is no bypassing the material costs per rank.

Attributes may be updated to have more of a punch that may give reason to use Rank Transfer in the future. Also, manually moving attributes between different gear loadouts for different modes/activities may become more relevant after release with more content.

Video Guide


  • Salvage gear you do not need for materials to gain ranks through Upgrading.
  • Have a plan of action for your daily activities to maximize your material acquisition. Also, have an order of what gear pieces are to be Upgraded first for efficient material usage.
  • Upgrade your gear early and often! It makes you more powerful and Upgrade Attributes can be moved around for free.
  • Use a Reforge Stone to get a desired Bonus Attribute or Bonus Family Attribute (Family Bonus) once your gear hits Upgrade Rank 6, 11 and 16!
  • You can purchase Family Reforge Stones (through paid currency) for easier unlocking of Family Bonuses to make your build the best it can be.


Written by Dredscythe
Contributions by Facefoot, Rob
Reviewed by Facefoot, Raxxanterax


Apr 26th 2022
Article updated for launch